No pest is more complicated to control than termites.The science of termite control has advanced significantly in last
decade. New technologies and approaches available are Non repellent termiticides, Subsurface Anti Termite Piping and Insect Growth Regulators.
Integrated Termite Management
The best time to provide protection against termites is during the planning & construction process of the building.
Treatment of the building site before construction is the easiest, cheapest and best method for preventing termite
damage in the future.
• Identification of termite species
• Establishment of threshold levels of termite activity
• Employment of appropriate control and/or management measures
• Evolution of effectiveness of the control and/or management measures
Soil Treatment against Termites
The application of liquid termiticide the to soil has been the mainstay of subterranean termite control since the early 1900s. The objective of such treatments has been to create a continuous chemical barrier that excludes termites in the ground from entering the buildings.
PRE Construction Termite Treatment
The most effective and economical time to apply a liquid termiticide is while the building is under-construction.Pre-construction treatment allows the application of termiticide precisely in the areas where it is needed. Exposed soil can be accessed and thoroughly treated before the slabs are poured, floors are fitted, foundations are completed and substructures are erected.
Pre- Construction Treatment
- entire soil surfaces of the structure
- around pipes and utility conduits
- along all sides of the foundation & piers
- interior partition walls
- voids and concrete blocks
- vertical treatment of outer perimeter along the foundation after the backfilling and grading has been completed
A proper applied Pre - Construction treatment is a wise investment and has long been recommended. Unfortunately, demands of builders for the least expensive treatment have negatively affected pre-construction termite treatment. Under-dosing and insufficient volumes of termiticide erode the effectiveness of these treatments, and for sake the most opportune time for achieving comprehensive soil barriers. Removal of treated soil and disruption of the termiticide barrier by construction workers, plumbing and landscapers, may also compromise the easiest, cheapest and the best termite treatment method.
POST CONSTRUCTION- PERIMETER TREATMENT
Establishing a comprehensive liquid termiticide barrier after a structure is built is a far more difficult and laborious proposition. Many factors complicate post-construction applications, including non-uniform soil absorption,inaccessible areas, hidden construction faults, and a general inability to see where the termiticides is flowing. Post construction treatment also requires in-depth knowledge of building construction since many of the building constructions are hidden behind walls, floor coverings and built-in obstructions such as tubs, showers, cabinets, pantry cupboards, wall cupboards and book cases.
Treatment Along Foundations
The soil alongside the foundation is an important area of termite entry and one of the most crucial for effective treatment. Although termites may appear in the center of buildings, infestations are more often associated with perimeter walls and adjoining areas (90% of the termites damage).The soil alongside the foundation should be treated to prevent termites from building up mud trails up the foundation wall by drilling along the perimeter of the building and injecting the termiticide.
Treatment Under Slabs
Concrete slab construction historically has produced the greatest numbers of termite damage related claims in the industry. Termites enter the slab-on-ground building through the edges of the foundation and concrete, expansion joints; settlement cracks, around utility penetrations such as pipes, drains, and electrical conduits. Termiticide may be applied by drilling and injecting vertically through the slab from above, or by treating horizontally through the foundation from the exterior.
Where porches, patios, sidewalks and other attached slabs about the foundation, the concrete slab should be vertically drilled adjacent to the foundation wall and the soil deep rodded to the footing.
Although basements have proportionately fewer problems than other types of construction, termiticide usage is typically higher due to their deeper footings. The treatment will be carried out by drilling along the perimeter of the basement
Foundation (Void) Treatment
Termites commonly enter structures through cracks and openings in the foundation. Historically, professionals attempted to "coat" the surface of many masonry voids as possible by drilling above the outside grade and allowing the termiticide to flow downward towards the footing. With the current termiticide, such practices are deemed inappropriate and are no longer permissible.