The Historical Perspective
Termites are an integral part of the extensive fauna of all the warmer countries of the world. They are neither conspicuous as individuals, nor do the they attract attention by any violent fluctuations in numbers and they also move unnoticed. Since their main food is mainly wood and tissues of plants they come into competition with man
There are two Termite Belts with a high density of termites species in tropical Asia (South India, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia & Northern Australia) and the other Termite Belt is in USA, from Florida, Texas, Mexico & Cuba.
Termites in India
There are about 2800 species of termites worldwide. In India there are 61 extant species of termites. There are 10 very common species of which 9 are a threat to building structures. Recent industry surveys suggest that about 50% of all unprotected properties are subject to attack by termites. Most houses are at risk!
Termites can consume a wide assortment of foods. The main nutritional ingredient in all this is cellulose, the hard, structural component of wood and other plant tissues. Cellulose is the most common organic compound on earth. Termites will feed on almost any cellulose containing material, including living and dead wood, roots, twigs, grass, plant litter, paper, cardboard, fiberboard and many forms of fabric made of cotton and other plant based materials.
• Termites digest cellulose with the help of microorganisms in their guts.
• Termites feed on each other's feces.
• Termites lived 130 million years ago, and descended from a cockroach-like ancestor.
• Termite fathers help raise their young.
• Termite workers and soldiers are almost always blind.
• When termite soldiers detect a threat, they tap warning signals to the colony.
• Chemical cues guide most communication in the termite colony.
• New kings and queens can fly.
• It is estimated that for every human on Earth there may be 1000 pounds of termites
• The Queen of a species of African termite may eventually grow to 5 inches long, and lay up to 30,000 eggs
• There have been documented cases of the Queen of a termite colony living for over 50 years, and some
scientists believe it is possible they may live to be 100 years old
• Some African and Australian termite colonies may contain over 3 million individuals: that's enough to fill 7
large pickup trucks placed end to end they would stretch 100 miles